Center for Traditional Craft Research Associates

Modeled after a similar program at the University of York, these groups are professional practitioners associated with STC’s Historic Preservation program, but not employed by the College. The groups will meet on a regular basis to share research, news and projects. Many of the Research Associates will participate in more than one group

A major architectural publishing company has requested two series of books to be produced by the STC Historic Preservation department. One will be a a series of edited volumes of articles pertaining to traditional building craft, and the second is a series of textbooks for traditional craft trade geared toward a modern student.





Allan ToyneAllan Toyne
Joinery Department, Lincoln Cathedral
Lincoln, United Kingdom

Allan Toyne attended Lincoln Collage (U.K.) in 1986 and achieved a full apprenticeship in Carpentry and Joinery, continuing to work on the bench and site projects for the next 20 years.


In 2006 he joined Lincoln Cathedral Works Department carpentry team. In his 3rd year he was made head of the team, which helped develop his management and leadership skills.

Allan strongly believes in the passing of knowledge to the artisans of the future but at the same time learning from the craftsman of the present and the past. He holds an A1 assessors certificate for training National Vocational Qualifications in Carpentry/Joinery and Heritage Skills and is involved in vocational training with students from The Princes Trust Scheme, H.L.F. Skills for the future and international apprentice exchanges with Germany and U.S.A.

He has held classes at the National Heritage Centre at Lincoln Castle and given talks about the complexities and challenges of repairing Lincoln Cathedral roofs.

Allan is very passionate about the importance in the fusion between all trades working together to accomplish and maintain the great historical buildings in the world and is never willing to stop listening and learning from others.

Bob Yapp
Teacher, Belvedere School for Historic Preservation
Hannibal, Missouri

Throughout his entire career, Bob Yapp has been passionate about community planning, historic preservation, central city revitalization, teaching and woodworking. He has been involved in the restoration and rehabilitation of over 160 historic properties. As a historic property developer, he has multiple ground-up restorations or rehabilitations going on at any given time.


From 1996 to 2001 Bob hosted the national, weekly PBS program, About Your House with Bob Yapp. The 52 show series was co-sponsored by National Trust for Historic Preservation.

Bob has helped establish and taught at numerous preservation trades programs around the country for high schools, colleges and historic sites. He is a regular instructor at the Campbell Center for Historic Preservation Studies where he teaches National Park Service maintenance personnel Methods and Materials for the Maintenance and Rehabilitation of Historic Structures. In addition to operating and teaching at The Belvedere School for Hands-On Preservation in Hannibal, he founded and teaches The Historic Preservation Trades Program for at-risk students at Hannibal High School.

Bob is the president of Preservation Resources, Inc. (PRI). PRI is a multi-tiered, national historic preservation consulting firm specializing in: social policy; neighborhood revitalization; historic preservation commission training; hands-on field training for contractors and historic building owners; Main Street training; creation of how-to preservation materials for print and web based training; creation of historic preservation design guidelines and ordinances; development of specifications for historic preservation rehabilitation projects.

Bob is a founding member of The National Window Preservation Standards Collaborative. His first book, About Your House, was published by Bay Books in December 1997 and he is a co-author of The National Window Preservation Standards published in July, 2013.

John EckerJohn Ecker
Superintendent, Tidewater Preservation, Inc.
Savannah, Georgia

John Frederick Ecker II was born in the historic preservation industry by way of his father, Fred Ecker. John was curious about his father’s business at an early age and started working on Tidewater Preservation projects when he was twelve years old. He was given a broom to sweep and clean various Tidewater projects. John eventually was able to put his broom down and move ahead in the company to work on more challenging assignments.


One of the first significant projects John worked on was helping restore a brick wall at Stratford Hall on the Historic Potomac River in Virginia. After becoming more involved with historic preservation projects John fell in love with this industry. He has taken different classes at trade schools including blacksmithing, timber framing and architectural design. John has a wide range of skills from masonry all the way to timber framing and plaster work. He has learned a variety of skills from his mentor, Fred Ecker and other senior employees that have been with Tidewater for over twenty years. John has worked on projects all over the country, including The Octagon in Washington D.C., a civil war fort in Key West and a 14th century native American ruins in New Mexico. His passion for history, architecture and travel has taken him all over the U.S and Europe where he loves to learn about different architectural styles. Currently John lives and works in Savannah, GA where Tidewater Preservation opened another office. He is the superintendent for the Savannah office and is involved in all the projects in the area.

John LeekeJohn Leeke
Historic HomeWorks
Portland, Maine

John Leeke is a specialist who helps owners, tradespeople, contractors and architects understand and maintain their older and historic buildings. John learned woodworking as he grew up in his father’s cabinet making shop. He studied early American architecture and decorative arts at Historic Deerfield, Massachusetts. Through the 1970’s and 1980’s he operated his own shop and contracting business restoring historic houses throughout New England. He still spends a good part of his time “with hammer in hand.” Since the mid-1980’s John has been consulting on preservation projects nationally and sharing his knowledge by writing for national publications.

John McRitchieJohn McRitchie
Director, Master Craftsman, McRitchie Traditional Carpentry
Fife, Scotland

McRitchie is the Director of McRitchie Construction Limited in Crossford, Scotland and has been running McRitchie Traditional Carpentry Artisans for the past four years.  A young veteran of the woodworking world, the 29-year-old master craftsman has been honing his skills in carpentry and joining since the age of ten.


A carpenter and joiner by trade specializing in historic building conservation, he also drives the business to pursue sustainable new build construction projects or bespoke pieces of woodworking, artwork or sculpture that explore the capabilities and talents of the master craftsman.

John set up MTC in 2010 to help the construction industry cope with the demand for traditional building repair work and sympathetic traditional building upgrades. He has a great passion and appreciation for traditional craftsmanship and works closely with governing bodies to revive some of the traditional wood trades that are in great danger of being lost. He is a lecturer for the Scottish Lime Centre Trust in Charleston, Fife and received his Master Craftsman certification from HRH Duke of Rothesy in 2010.

Rudy ChristianRudy R. Christian
President, Christian & Son, Inc.
Burbank, Ohio

Rudy R. Christian is a founding member and past president of the Timber Framers Guild, founding member and past president of Friends of Ohio Barns, founding member and past Executive Director of the Preservation Trades Network and is a founding member of the Traditional Timberframe Research and Advisory Group and the International Trades Education Initiative. His experience includes participation in the Quingue Forum, numerous speaking engagements and instructing educational workshops as well as publication of various articles about historic conservation. An article entitled Conservation of Historic Building Trades; A Timber Framer’s View was published in the APT Bulletin, vol. XXXIII, No1 and his recent collaborative work with author Allen Noble entitle The Barn; A Symbol of Ohio has been published on the internet. In November 2000 the Preservation Trades Network awarded Rudy the Askins Achievement Award, for excellence in the field of historic preservation.


Rudy’s educational background includes the study of structural engineering at both General Motor’s Institute in Flint Michigan and Akron University in Ohio. He and his son Carson have also studied historic compound roof layout and computer modeling at the Gewerbe Akademie in Rotweil, Germany. He and his wife Laura Saeger Christian are active adjunct professors at Palomar College in San Marcos, California and approved workshop instructors for the Timber Framers Guild.

Rudy’s professional experience as President of Christian & Son, Inc. includes reconstruction of the historic “Big Barn” at Malabar Farm State Park near Mansfield, Ohio and relocation of the 19th century Crawford Horse Barn in Newark, Ohio. These projects featured “hand raisings” which were open to the public and attracted a total of 130,000 interested spectators. He also lead a crew of timber framers at the Smithsonian Folk Life Festival, Masters of the Building Arts program in the recreation and raising of an 18th century carriage house frame on the Mall in Washington DC. Roy Underhill’s Woodright’s Shop filmed the event for PBS and Roy participated in the raising. Christian & Son’s recent work includes working with a team of specialists to relocate Thomas Edison’s #11 laboratory building from the Henry Ford Museum to West Orange New Jersey where it original was built, and the restoration of the Mansfield Blockhouse a hewn log structure built by the military in 1812. During the summer of 2006 Rudy, his son Carson and his wife Laura were the lead instructors and conservation specialists for the Field School at Mt. Lebanon Shaker Village during which the 1838 timber frame granary was restored. In July and August 2008 Rudy and Laura directed and instructed a Field School in the Holy Cross Historic District in New Orleans in collaboration with the University of Florida and the World Monuments Fund. In 2012 Rudy served as “Visiting Artisan” during a timber frame workshop at Savannah Technical College. Traditional Building Magazine publishes Rudy’s blog A Place for Trades.

John MooreJohn Moore
Program Coordinator, Historic Preservation Department, West Kentucky Community College
Paducah, Kentucky

John Moore, born in Detroit, Michigan, received a Bachelor of Fine Arts in Visual Arts from Wayne State University. In 1977 he moved to Brooklyn, NY and began doing carpentry work converting empty commercial lofts into artists’ living and studio spaces. In Brooklyn he discovered his passion for woodworking and particularly the challenges encountered while working on older urban dwellings. In 1983 he moved to rural western Kentucky and operated a small residential building company. Living in Graves County Kentucky he has had the opportunity to restore and rehab older homes in the area as well as taking on new construction projects. He has earned the degree of Master of Science in Career and Technical Education and in 2005 accepted a position at West Kentucky Community & Technical College in Paducah, KY where he teaches carpentry and is the coordinator for the Construction Technology Program. He is currently working with the College and the Kentucky Heritage Council to develop courses for preservation trades training.

Amy McCauleyAmy McAuley
Oculus Fine Carpentry, Inc.
Portland, Oregon

McAuley is the owner of Oculus Fine Carpentry, Inc. Started in 2002, Oculus specializes in the conservation of historic windows and doors. Notable projects include the Pioneer Courthouse, Fort Dalles, Heceta Head Lighthouse, and Yaquina Head Lighthouse. Amy has a bachelor’s degree from the University of Oregon, one year of post baccalaureate work in architecture at Portland State University and 17 years of on-the-job experience in historic structures.


Her emphasis is in working with traditional tools and techniques to conserve and build sash for historic structures. In Oregon she focuses on 19th and early 20th century buildings. She has demonstrated widely across the US and in Canada. She also teaches yearly at the Pacific Northwest Field School run by the University of Oregon.

Mark Fitzpatrick
J.T. Turner Construction Co., Inc.
Savannah, Georgia

Mark is the Preservation Director with J.T. Turner Construction Co., Inc., and Chair of the USGBC Savannah branch Leadership Group. He’s is the inaugural winner of the Craftsmanship Award from the Historic Savannah Foundation, and as a LEED Accredited Professional, has worked on nationally recognized projects such as the Hamilton Turner Inn, Owens Thomas House Museum, and The Anson and Lazarus-Mohr House which was featured on This Old House.

Greg Jacobs
Tidewater Preservation, Inc.
Savannah, Georgia

Lisa SasserLisa Sasser
Principal, Quid Tum, Historic Structures Consulting
Amherst, New Hampshire

Lisa has worked in preservation since 1972, beginning as a Museum Technician at the Ranching Heritage Center in Lubbock, Texas. In 1977, she received a Bachelor of Architecture degree from Texas Tech University, completing as a thesis project, a Historic Structures Report and restoration plan for a post-1680 houserow at Tesuque Pueblo, New Mexico. From 1979-1984 she was employed as a Historical Architect on the Northeast Team of the Denver Service Center, the centralized planning and design office of the National Park Service. In 1984, she became the first woman to enter the National Park Service preservation trades training program at the Williamsport Preservation Training Center in Williamsport, Maryland. After completing the trades apprenticeship program, she remained on the Training Center staff as a Supervisory Preservation Specialist and Senior Historical Architect. In 1993, she became the Assistant Chief Historical Architect for the National Park Service in Washington, D.C. She worked in the Northeast Region of the National Park Service as a Project Manager and Facility Management Coordinator from 1996 until her retirement from the National Park Service in August 2009.


Project work has included; planning and project supervision for stabilization of hospital structures on the south side of Ellis Island, project management for the rehabilitation of the entry level of the Washington Monument, and work on dozens of 18th-20th century structures in National Parks in the Mid-Atlantic states and New England. She has also worked with the Forest Service in the Pacific Northwest to preserve CCC-era rustic log structures, and encourage the development of in-house preservation teams. Since 1987, she has helped to develop training programs, and instructed workshops in preservation philosophy and “hands on” preservation methods for federal agencies, universities, and state and local groups. Publications include the articles What Historical Architects Can Learn from the Preservation Trades – and Why They Should, New Paradigms for Preserving Old Buildings, and Setting Up a Preservation Workshop in the journal CRM. In 2001, Lisa received the Askins Achievement Award, presented annually by the Preservation Trades Network for significant contributions to the preservation trades.

Trowel Trades

Tom Russack
Masonry Instructor, Mather Building Arts & Craftsmanship High School
New York, New York

Andy deGruchyAndy deGruchy
Milford Square, Pennsylvania

Andy deGruchy is the owner of, the nation’s leading manufacturer and distributor of “green” historic preservation and sustainable building mortars, plasters and paints based on lime and not Portland cement. His lime-based materials are used for durable, appropriate, time-tested historic masonry restoration campaigns. Due to the correlation between a lower embodied energy in production to final recycling of the limes, Andy also distributes these exceptional life-cycle materials for sustainable building systems which yield substantial CO2 credits.


In 1979, Andy received a full scholarship for a three-year program to study and practice masonry from the nation’s oldest private trade school, The Williamson Free School of Mechanical Trades in Media, PA. founded in 1888. He received their “Key” award for the advancement of its founding ideals. He maintains a few specialty crews which have operated through the past 29 years as deGruchy Masonry Restoration. They have restored hundreds of historic buildings in the Delaware and Lehigh Valleys of Pennsylvania. Andy holds lectures and training workshops on the subject of historic masonry restoration and sustainable building. Andy is active in promoting volunteerism to educate about and protect our American institution which includes our natural and built environments. He finds that working to preserve our cultural resources as they are found and interpreted through regional vintage architecture, including our nation’s historical burial grounds, is his life’s work and his best area of service to the conservation industry.

Jeff OrtonJeff Orton
Melton Mowbary, United Kingdom

Through a full plastering apprenticeship, Jeff Orton gained a “First Class” in the Craft level City and Guilds, followed by a “Distinction” in the Advanced Craft City and Guilds Final Examination in Plasterwork. He is registered with the Worshipful Company of Plaisterer’s (CRP) of which he is a freeman, and is also an Associate of the Plaisterer’s Company (APC) who now publishes a directory of skilled Plasterer’s. In 1981 he attended the San Servolo Architectural Conservation Course for Craftsmen in Venice, achieving the grade “Excellent” in the final examination. He is a member and past chairman of the Plasterers Craft Guild, which was established 60 years ago, to pursue the ideal of craft excellence within the plastering trade; through education and the ongoing development of skills in the industry. He is also a member of the Society for the Protection of Ancient Buildings (SPAB), who towards the end of 2010 awarded him The William Morris Craft Fellowship ‘Queen Mother Memorial Medal’ For Conspicuous Service To The Crafts. In addition he is a committee member of the Building Limes Forum.

Henry OrtonHenry Orton
Melton Mowbary, United Kingdom

Henry Orton studied fine art at Birmingham School of Art. During his summer breaks from studies he worked as a Plasterer’s Labourer for Trumpers Ltd with his father, Jeff Orton. During these summer months Henry worked at Hardwick hall, Derbyshire repairing the plaster floors in the attic rooms and the Cut Velvet Room. Also, at Stoke Rochford Hall, Lincolnshire he helped save and record surviving fragments of the early Victorian Jacobean plaster ceilings damaged by a severe fire. For his final examination Henry drew from these experiences, reflecting on craftsmanship focusing on plasterwork. Taught by his father, Henry learned how to replicate the cornice work in the art school using fibrous plaster. Displaying the casts in the corridors gained him a first class honors degree. Henry currently splits his plastering career between the US and UK and has taught several sessions at Savannah Technical College.

Patrick WebbPatrick Webb
Professor of Plaster Working, American College of the Building Arts
Charleston, South Carolina

Patrick Webb is a traditional and ornamental plasterer currently instructing as a Professor of Plaster Working at the American College of the Building Arts in Charleston, South Carolina.

Mr. Webb also works as a technical consultant for plaster materials and application, providing services to architects helping them properly specify plaster and plaster systems as well as plaster contractors by providing training and onsite consultation services as needed.

Neil RippingaleNeil Rippingale
Master Craftsman, Dry Stone Conversancy
Lexington, Kentucky

Rippingale joined the Dry Stone Conservancy’s staff in 2001. He is a Master Craftsman certified by the Dry Stone Walling Association of Great Britain. Prior to joining the Conservancy, he was owner and manager of N.R. Stonecraft in Edinburgh, Scotland and worked as an independent walling contractor throughout the central belt of Scotland. Rippingale has received prestigious awards for his work including first place wins in Central Scotland Walling Competitions and the Pinnacle Award (DSWA’s highest award). He has taught drystone walling to more than 3,000 trainees and worked in Australia, Switzerland, Scotland, England, Nova Scotia and Montreal as well as most of the states in the USA. As the Conservancy’s Training Program Manager, Rippingale wears many hats – technical consultant, workshop instructor, mason mentor, certification program examiner and competition organizer as well as project superintendent for the Conservancy’s restoration and training projects.

Ken UraciusKen Uracius
Technical Support Specialist, Freedom Cement LLC
Walterboro, Massachusetts

Ken has over 30 years of masonry restoration experience and has been involved with many significant historic restoration projects along the east coast. He is an advocate for the use of historically accurate materials in restoration work and has played an instrumental role in the reintroduction of natural cement into the marketplace. Ken previously served on the board of directors of the Society for the Preservation of Historical Cements and has conducted traditional masonry material training workshops throughout the country. Ken currently serves as the technical support specialist at Freedom Cement in North Brookfield MA.

Nigel CopseyNigel Copsey
Earth, Stone & Lime Company
North Yorkshire, United Kingdom

Starting out as a dry-stone waller in Cornwall, Nigel trained after 1989 as stonemason and carver at Weymouth College, working largely thereafter in the conservation industry across the south and south-west of England, and regularly after 1999 in Vermont, USA. In Yorkshire since 2001, Nigel  worked extensively as consultant and practitioner with the Fitzwilliam Estate in Malton until 2010, as well as elsewhere in North Yorkshire, Andalucia and Nebraska. Nigel has worked regularly since 2009 in the preparation of Management Plans for and the specification and scheduling of the care and repair of historic farm buildings and has overseen these repairs on behalf of Natural England whilst continuing to work as a hands-on building conservation contractor across North Yorkshire. A committed SPAB-member Nigel is also an accredited member of the Institute of Conservation (ICON) and determined advocate for the thoroughgoing use of compatible materials in the care and repair of old buildings, particularly hot-mixed earth and lime mortars.

Sam BeetlerSam Beetler II
Conservation Technician, Cemetery Department, City of Savannah
Savannah, Georgia

Sam Beetler II currently resides in the Savannah, GA. He holds a BFA degree in sculpture from Kent State University and an MFA degree in historic preservation from The Savannah College of Art and Design. Working as a conservation technician for Savannah’s five historic cemeteries, Sam specializes in the assessment and conservation of a wide array of historic materials and structures. His work has also led him to perform significant work documenting and conserving adobe structures in the Santa Fe, New Mexico area. This was accomplished both as an employee of the National Park Service and as a volunteer with the non-profit Cornerstones Community Partnerships.


Along with his work as a conservation technician, Sam is an active artist in the Savannah area. He strives to combine his skills as an artist and as a preservationist to better his local community. He volunteers as a gallery assistant and building maintenance consultant for the Indigo Sky Gallery in Savannah, GA. His most significant contribution is the work he is currently performing for the Harris Neck Land Trust. Through interviews and discussions with the Harris Neck community, Sam is working to visually recreate homes and buildings that were demolished to build an air field for WWII. These drawings are the only documentation of these lost buildings and are the building blocks for the creation of a community living museum.

Simeon WarrenSimeon Warren
Dean Emeritus, Professor of Architectural StoneAmerican College of the Building Arts
Charleston, South Carolina

Warren studied Conceptual Art at the Glasgow School of Arts revered Environmental Art Program and trained at Weymouth College as an architectural stone carver. He  completed an apprenticeship at Lincoln Cathedral and attained the position of deputy yard foreman at Wells Cathedral Stonemasons.

In 2001, he moved to Charleston, SC and designed the academic curriculum for the American College of the Building Arts, the only liberal arts college in America which trains students in hands on traditional and contemporary building arts practice. Warren became Dean of the College in 2006 and was named Dean Emeritus in 2013 after stepping down to concentrate on teaching architectural stone work.


Presently alongside teaching he takes on stone work commissions and is developing the Stone People Project whose mission is to raise awareness of both the English Medieval Master Masons who built the major Cathedrals in England and promote the work of Contemporary Masters presently working in the stone industry.

Community Outreach & Continuing Education

Chris HendricksChris Hendricks
Professor of History, Georgia Southern University
Savannah, Georgia

Christopher E. Hendricks is a native of Winston-Salem, North Carolina.  He received his Bachelor of Arts in History and English from Wake Forest University and his Master of Arts and Doctorate in History from the College of William and Mary in Virginia where he specialized in early American history and material culture.  He is the author of numerous publications, including a monograph, The Backcountry Towns of Colonial Virginia.  He has worked extensively in archaeology, preservation, and museum interpretation with many organizations including the Colonial Williamsburg Foundation, Old Salem, Inc., the Museum of Early Southern Decorative Arts, Historic Bethabara Park, the Seabrook Village Foundation, the Isaiah Davenport House, the Coastal Heritage Society, and the Virtual Historic Savannah Project.  He is professor of History at Armstrong State University, where he has been teaching since 1993.

Keith EmerickDr. Keith Emerick
Inspector of Ancient Monuments, English Heritage
York, United Kingdom

Keith Emerick is a practicing cultural heritage manager, based in the north of England. He is currently working for English Heritage (the national conservation and heritage agency) as an Inspector of Ancient Monuments, a post he has held for the past for 17 years. This involves working and advising on ruins, archaeological sites and battlefields with their respective stakeholders. The date range covers the Palaeolithic to the Cold War, so he has to have an interest in anything and everything. Emerick also has several years experience before that as an archaeologist, principally with the York Archaeological Trust.


He has special responsibility for Fountains Abbey and Studley Royal, World Heritage Site and he advises on Saltaire, World Heritage Site, West Yorkshire. Emerick is a Member of the Steering Group that produced the Fountains Abbey and Studley Royal World Heritage Site Management Plan (2000), and its first review, published in 2009.

Emerick’s principal research and work interests are: Community heritage; Conservation and Management Plans; the use of World Heritage Management Plans, guidelines, charters and conventions; Social value; Intangible heritage; Conservation and heritage management in post-war reconstruction; adaptive re-use; public history; physical and intellectual access; CHM Theory; origins and development of conservation practice (with particular interest in conservation practice in colonial and post-colonial contexts); origins of conservation practice in the USA.

In addition to working in England, he has worked in Cyprus, Croatia, Ireland, the United States (chiefly South Carolina), Romania and the Occupied West Bank.

Emerick has a doctorate in Conservation Philosophy from the University of York, where he is a Research Associate, and from 2014 a Research Associate at Savannah Technical College.

Emerick is the author of Conserving and managing ancient monuments: heritage, democracy and inclusion, Boydell and Brewer; University of Newcastle (2014), the published form of his PhD research.

Cathie ClarkeCathie Clarke
General Manager, Heritage Skills HUB
Derbyshire, United Kingdom

Cathie is the General Manager of the National Heritage Training Group located in Derbyshire, United Kingdom. Working closely with the Board of Directors, Cathie manages the ongoing development and activity of the NHTG. Cathie uses her experience, extensive project management, marketing and networking skills to ensure that the NHTG offers a high quality service. She works with the Federations and other stakeholders to ensure the industry works together to raise awareness of, and promote the value of traditional building skills training and qualifications.

Gill ChittyGill Chitty
Director of Studies, Conservation Studies, University of York
York, United Kigdom

Dr. Gill Chitty is Director of the Conservation Studies MA programme and the Centre for Conservation Studies.

Before joining the Department of Archaeology at York, Gill was Head of Conservation at the Council for British Archaeology responsible for research and policy. She has over 30 years professional experience in the heritage sector working in conservation and public archaeology.


Gill began her career in Liverpool Museum’s Antiquities Department and then moved into local government archaeology where she worked as county archaeologist in Merseyside and then Greater London. Moving to English Heritage, as an Inspector of Ancient Monuments, she covered Greater London and then the Midlands including major conservation programs at Stokesay Castle, Clun Castle and Wingfield Manor.

Following her PhD research, she worked at specialist adviser for archaeology at Lancashire County Council and for English Heritage’s Monuments Protection Programme. For MPP’s thematic assessment of historic industries, she developed an integrated approach to designation for the industrial heritage in England.

As a heritage consultant over the last 15 years, Gill has also conducted strategic and applied research projects for Cadw, DCMS, the Cathedrals Fabric Commission and Church Buildings Council, English Heritage, ICOMOS UK, IfA, and the Museums, Libraries and Archives Council. Recent research for the Council for British Archaeology included the Welsh Historic Environment Assessment for the Welsh Assembly Government / Cadw and assessment of thematic designation programs for English Heritage.

Rob LennoxRob Lennox
PhD Candidate, Department of Archaeology, University of York
York, United Kingdom

Rob is a PhD candidate at the University of York, UK, and works in the area of cultural heritage policy and practice. His thesis is concerned with the relationships between the heritage sector and the state and the various values which are applied to the historic environment by professionals, the public and politicians. Particular themes of interest relate to the development of public-value centered theories of heritage, how they impact upon the conservation of historic buildings, and how such work sits within a wider landscape of social, environmental, and economic processes.


Rob also has broader academic interests across a spectrum of critical heritage and heritage management and is particularly concerned with the ethics of global heritage and the engagement of culturally diverse groups with national and global regimes of heritage management.

He works as a freelance within the heritage sector in the UK working on policy advocacy and planning with a range of organizations.

Though a non-specialist, he has a broad interest in conservation, and is concerned with aspects of public engagement and presentation of conservation work as well as funding mechanisms, policy processes, and designation procedures.

Keilah SpannKeliah Michal Spann
Director of Heritage Area Programming, Cane River Creole National Historic Park
Natchololies, Louisiana

Keilah Michal Spann is a historic preservationist who has served as a preservation and community planner for projects in South Carolina, Georgia, and Philadelphia.

Ms. Spann is the current Director of Heritage Area Programming for Cane River National Heritage Area located in central Louisiana where she leads program development for historic preservation, grant funding, and technical assistance efforts. She previously served as a community planner for the National Park Service NE Regional Office Philadelphia, PA. Her duties there included working with the National Historic Landmarks and National Heritage Area programs. She also implemented a cultural awareness program, Sawa Bona: A Conversation with Your Colleagues, for the NPS NE regional office.


Ms. Spann has also served as a photographer and writer for several creative projects, including Runaway Runway (2011) presented by the Columbia Museum of Art and Izms of Art. She is a graduate of the Savannah College of Art and Design (MFA, Historic Preservation) and South Carolina State University (BS, Chemistry).

Melissa Memory
National Park Service
Savannah, Georgia

Carol HeidschusterCarol Heidschuster
Clericus Fabricae, Lincoln Cathedral
Lincoln, United Kingdom

Carol is currently the Clericus Fabricae (Manager of the Works Department). Carol joined the Works Department in 1988 as an Administrative Assistant. The following 15 years involved learning the business from grass root level, supporting the then Clerk of Works, particularly in respect of the budget process and job allocation. Whilst working full time she completed a HND in Business and Finance. In 2003 Carol was appointed Works Manager, the first female in the Cathedral’s 900-year history to hold the post and the first female Cathedral Works Manager in the UK. In 2005 she had the honor of being installed. This position is an ancient one, going back to the building of the Cathedral. Being a post of significance it has long been honored by having a seat in the Choir, alongside the Dean and Canons and other dignitaries.


Carol is also a member of the UK Institute of Clerk of Works, The Cathedral Clerk of Works Association and is a founder member of Cathedral Workshop Fellowship, the latter being a group of eight English Cathedrals whose aim is to improve heritage craft skills training in the UK.

Gordon BockGordon Bock
Associate AIA, Writer, Historian
Silver Spring, Maryland

Gordon Bock, Assoc. AIA  is a writer, editor, architectural historian, and technical consultant specializing in residential architecture, historic building construction, and early modern design of the Arts & Crafts movement.

Best known for his two decades of work on Old-House Journal, Gordon is a national authority on all aspects of historic houses, and his articles on kitchens and appliances, green building trends, prefabricated houses, historic lighting and electricity, and the origins of building materials are widely cited. Gordon also writes and edits for a wide variety of other publications, including Traditional Building magazine, Period Homes magazine, Old-House Interiors and Arts & Crafts Homes. He is the editor of the standard reference Residential Sheet Metal Guidelines (SMACNA) and, most recently, the co-author of The Vintage House: A Guide to Successful Renovations and Additions published by W.W. Norton.


A frequent lecturer and public speaker, Gordon is an Adjunct Instructor  in Preservation at Drew University in Madison, New Jersey, since 1997. Gordon also holds a Masters of Science in Publishing from New York University. He lives in Silver Spring, Maryland in a restored 1880s Queen Anne once home to the descendants of Victorian architect A.B. Mullett, and can be reached through his website.

Rob MeinhardtRob Meinhardt
Owner, True North Sustainable Development Solutions
Wasilla, Alaska

Rob Meinhardt has a diverse educational background, including Bachelor of Arts degrees in Anthropology and Sociology from the University of Missouri-Columbia and a Master of Arts degree in Historic Preservation from Savannah College of Art and Design. He has 10 years of experience working in historic preservation as a Cultural Resource Specialist for the Bureau of Indian Affairs and is well-versed in Section 106 compliance. Rob has consulted with stakeholders of varying interests and geographical locations, and has experience in developing historic preservation plans for several types of historic properties throughout Alaska. His experience serving on various boards and commissions gives True North a competitive edge over other cultural resource firms in Alaska. Rib is currently the owner of True North Sustainable Development Solutions in Wasilla, Alaska.

Sophie NortonSophie Norton
Department of Archaeology, University of York
York, United Kingdom

Sophie has an MA in Historic Environment Conservation from the University of Birmingham (Ironbridge Institute).

Sophie has worked as a Local Authority Conservation Officer and a Project Manager on a Heritage Lottery Funded project in Chester. Both roles required working with building owners, contractors and professionals to find practical and affordable solutions for adapting and modernising a range of listed and unlisted historic buildings. Prior to beginning this post in June 2009, Sophie sat on the North West Heritage Skills Hub steering group.


Since 2009 Sophie has been working with a range of partners to address the heritage skills shortages identified by the National Heritage Training Group (NHTG). Her work has been supported by English Heritage, the Helen Hamlyn Trust, the NHTG, the Ernest Cook Trust, the Historic Houses Association (Yorkshire), the Radcliffe Trust, Santander International Connections, the York Foundation for Conservation and Craftsmanship and the North York Moors, Coast and Hills Programme through the Rural Development Programme for England, which is jointly funded by Defra and the European Union.

Urban Studio

Paul KappPaul Hardin Kapp
Associate Professor of Architecture, University of Illinois Champaign
Champaign, Illinois

Paul Hardin Kapp is Associate Professor of Architecture, Director of the Historic Preservation Program at the School of Architecture and Associate Director of the Collaborative for Cultural Heritage Management and Policy at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. He is also historic preservation architect and his work has earned awards from the Virginia Society of the American Institute of Architects, the Preservation Society of Chapel Hill, the Preservation Alliance of Virginia (now APVA), and the Association of General Contractors of East Tennessee. Prior to coming to Illinois, he was the Historic Architect and Campus Historic Preservation Manager for the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, where he also taught historic preservation in the Department of City and Regional Planning. He has served on the National Register advisory boards in Virginia and Illinois and was Chair of the National Council for Preservation Education. He is a Fulbright Scholar and a Charles Peterson Fellow. His edited book, SynergiCity: Reinventing the Postindustrial City (University of Illinois Press, 2012) won the 2013 Historic Preservation Award from the Center for Historic Preservation at the University of Mary Washington. He is also the author of The Architecture of William Nichols: Building the Antebellum South in North Carolina, Alabama, and Mississippi (University Press of Mississippi, 2015).

Pat ShayPat Shay
Owner, AP, AIA, Gunn Meyerhoff Shay Architects
Savannah, Georgia

In addition to being the principal-in-charge of Shay Architects since 1995, Mr. Shay is a former member of the Historic District Board of Review and a current Chatham County Commissioner. As a recognized leader in Savannah’s urban future, Mr. Shay received the 1994 Citation of Excellence from the Georgia AIA for community leadership and service, and he became a LEED certified designer in 2003. Mr. Shay is N.C.A.R.B. certified and has been a licensed architect in Georgia and South Carolina since 1983.

Mr. Shay is a founding member of the Georgia International Trade and Convention Center and past chairman. He is also a leader in the Chatham Environmental Forum’s plan for making Chatham County the “greenest in Georgia,” and he is a board member of the Chatham Area Transit Authority and Coastal Regional Metropolitan Planning Organization.

Lisa SasserLisa Sasser
Principal, Quid Tum, Historic Structures Consulting
Amherst, New Hampshire

Lisa has worked in preservation since 1972, beginning as a Museum Technician at the Ranching Heritage Center in Lubbock, Texas. In 1977, she received a Bachelor of Architecture degree from Texas Tech University, completing as a thesis project, a Historic Structures Report and restoration plan for a post-1680 houserow at Tesuque Pueblo, New Mexico. From 1979-1984 she was employed as a Historical Architect on the Northeast Team of the Denver Service Center, the centralized planning and design office of the National Park Service. In 1984, she became the first woman to enter the National Park Service preservation trades training program at the Williamsport Preservation Training Center in Williamsport, Maryland. After completing the trades apprenticeship program, she remained on the Training Center staff as a Supervisory Preservation Specialist and Senior Historical Architect. In 1993, she became the Assistant Chief Historical Architect for the National Park Service in Washington, D.C. She worked in the Northeast Region of the National Park Service as a Project Manager and Facility Management Coordinator from 1996 until her retirement from the National Park Service in August 2009.


Project work has included; planning and project supervision for stabilization of hospital structures on the south side of Ellis Island, project management for the rehabilitation of the entry level of the Washington Monument, and work on dozens of 18th-20th century structures in National Parks in the Mid-Atlantic states and New England. She has also worked with the Forest Service in the Pacific Northwest to preserve CCC-era rustic log structures, and encourage the development of in-house preservation teams. Since 1987, she has helped to develop training programs, and instructed workshops in preservation philosophy and “hands on” preservation methods for federal agencies, universities, and state and local groups. Publications include the articles What Historical Architects Can Learn from the Preservation Trades – and Why They Should, New Paradigms for Preserving Old Buildings, and Setting Up a Preservation Workshop in the journal CRM. In 2001, Lisa received the Askins Achievement Award, presented annually by the Preservation Trades Network for significant contributions to the preservation trades.

Yeo Kang ShuaYeo Kang Shua
Assistant ProfessorSingapore University of Technology & Design

Yeo Kang Shua obtained his BA (Architectural Studies), MArch and PhD (Architecture) from the National University of Singapore. He holds the inaugural Hokkien Foundation Career Professorship in Architectural Conservation at the Singapore University of Technology and Design.

He has worked on many projects including conservation work and has collaborated in many archaeological projects in Singapore: Palmer Road (2006); Fort Serapong, Sentosa Island (2006-2007). He has published in both local and international journals on theory of architecture, conservation and history.


Kang Shua also had the privilege of being part of the team on three separate projects that won the UNESCO Asia-Pacific Heritage Awards for Culture Heritage Conservation: Award of Merit for Ngee Ann Kongsi’s Wak Hai Cheng Bio (Yueh Hai Ching Temple) in 2014, Award of Excellence for Singapore Lam Ann Association’s Hong San See Temple Restoration Project in 2010 and the inaugural heritage award Jury Commendation for Innovation for Yuhu Elementary School Project in Lijiang, China in 2005. He is formerly the inaugural head of the Monuments Inspectorate at the Preservation of Monuments Board, Singapore.

Jane WooleyJane Wooley
Executive Director, Dry Stone Conservancy
Lexington, Kentucky

Jane Wooley is a registered landscape architect with a passion for our cultural heritage as it relates to dry-laid stone masonry. She currently the Dry Stone Conservancy’s Executive Director. Since joining the Conservancy staff in June 1997, she has managed the administrative aspects of the Conservancy’s numerous workshops and restoration projects as well as lectured throughout the United States and in Europe on the merits of drystone construction and the history of dry-laid stone masonry in Kentucky and beyond. She has written several journal and magazine articles, co-authored the Conservancy’s dry stone specifications and co-produced three of the Conservancy’s training videos.


Dry stone construction, the ancient craft of building enduring stone structures without mortar, was widely practiced in frontier America. Skilled masons from across Europe built houses, barns, harbor piers, canal locks, and many other kinds of structures from local stone.

The mission of the nonprofit Dry Stone Conservancy: is to revive and maintain the ancient craft of dry-laid stone masonry construction; conserve existing dry stone structures through preservation, repair and reconstruction; and advocate for public education and awareness on the history and craft of dry stone masonry.

A primary means by which the Conservancy’s goals are accomplished is through its restoration and training activities. The Conservancy offers introductory workshops for the general public, advanced training for aspiring drystone masons, on-site consultations, restoration and new construction supervision, design and advice by a registered Landscape Architect, technical information, instructional publications, and a drystone mason certification program and referral list.

Andres Gaviria ValenzuelaAndrés Gaviria Valenzuela
Director of the Masters in Cultural Heritage & Territory, Pontificia Universidad Javeriana
Bogotá, Columbia

Andres is currently the Director of the Masters in Cultural Heritage and Territory at the Pontificia Universidad Javeriana in Bogota, Columbia. Andres is also a member of the Faculty of Architecture and Design Professor of the Department of Architecture. Andres currently serves as central contact for the Association for Preservation Technology International’s Latin America Chapter.

Harriet WennbergHarriet Wennberg
Programme Manager, International Network for Traditional Building, Architecture & Urbanism (INTBAU)
London, United Kingdom

Harriet Wennberg is a native of Rothesay in New Brunswick, Canada. She completed an Honours BA in History and Literary Studies at the University of Toronto, and an MLitt with Distinction in Art History at the University of St. Andrews in Scotland. Following work as Assistant Curator and Collections Manager with an art gallery in Bermuda, Harriet began as INTBAU Administrator at the Prince’s Foundation for Building Community in London. Having worked with INTBAU for four years, Harriet is now directing the organization in its work in the United Kingdom and around the world. She has organized international conferences, seminars, and workshops, as well as an exhibition on the role of drawing in architecture. INTBAU currently has 5,000 general members, 64 professional members, and 21 chapters, and Harriet works with the representatives of those chapters to further INTBAU’s mission in countries from Australia, to Russia, to the Philippines, to Afghanistan and Cyprus. Harriet has also completed research work on architecture and the decorative arts with the National Trust and the Bermuda National Trust.

Michael Mehaffy
Board Member, ICC Secretary, International Network for Traditional Building, Architecture & Urbanism (INTBAU)
Portland, Oregon

Dav SmithDav Smith
Department of Archaeology, University of YorkYork, United Kingdom

After reading Medieval Studies and History at the University of Melbourne, Australia, Dav Smith traveled extensively throughout Europe. Settling in the UK, he worked for several years as the administrator for the archaeology and heritage programs at Bournemouth University. It was here that he discovered his passion for built heritage and church archaeology. Pursuing this, Smith moved to York in 2008, where he worked for three years at English Heritage, managing grants and statutory planning consultations. He also completed the MA Archaeology of Buildings at The University of York, passing with distinction. His MA dissertation, supervised by Dr. Kate Giles, focused on the interpretation of reused Romanesque sculpture within a nineteenth-century parish church.


Smith’s interests include buildings archaeology, church archaeology, conservation philosophy, heritage legislation and management, and survey and recording methodologies. He is a consultant archaeologist for Buildings Archaeology Ltd, currently volunteers with The Churches Conservation Trust, and is a teaching fellow in the Archaeology Department at the University of York.

Nathaniel WalkerNathaniel Walker
Assistant Professor of Architectural History, College of Charleston
Charleston, South Carolina

Nathaniel Walker is currently an Associate Professor of Architectural History at College of Charleston in Charleston, South Carolina. Nathaniel is a recent graduate of Brown University, completing is PhD dissertation Abolition of the Street: Collectivism and Suburbanism in Scientific Utopian Literature, 1863-1890.During his tenure in Rhode Island, Nathaniel taught numerous classes at both Brown University and the Rhode Island School of Design (RISD). Nathaniel has written numerous articles regarding architectural history and has spoken throughout the world on various topics of architectural history. His Master’s thesis, Savannah’s Lost Squares was later expanded and published in two halves; in the Journal for the Society of Architectural Historians and in an edited volume entitled Ordinance: War + Architecture & Space.

Steven StowersSteven Stowers
Architect, AIA, LEED AP, Architecture 101
Savannah, Georgia




Keith HowingtonKeith Howington
Associate AIA, LEED AP, Greenline Architecture, Inc.
Savannah, Georgia

Keith Howington currently is an architect with Greenline Architecture in Savannah Ga. In addition to his projects at Greenline, Keith served on the board of Emergent Structures LLC for three years, including one year as Vice President, and during that time contributed significantly to Emergent’s highest priority projects. Keith has been both Project Manager and Designer for a variety of residential and commercial projects, large and small scale. Through daily practice with a local architecture firm, he is continually educating himself in sustainable design practices and chooses to incorporate these practices in his projects. Keith has degrees in both Historic Preservation and Architecture, and is a LEED Accredited Professional. He is also a member of many regional organizations that promote sustainability such as USGBC, GA Conservancy, National and Georgia Trust for Historic Preservation, and others. Keith has been noted for a local interior restoration in Old House Interiors magazine and has won several design awards through the Historic Savannah Foundation, and a Georgia Trust for Historic Preservation award. Keith has served on several boards in the past that help to promote community well- being and also currently sits on Savannah’s Historic District Board of Review.


Kenneth LeapJ. Kenneth Leap
Head of Building Arts Program, Bryn Athyn College
Bryn Athyn, Pennsylvania

J. Kenneth Leap is primarily recognized for his achievements in the field of architectural stained glass. A graduate of the Rhode Island School of Design, his career was launched when he received a fellowship from the New Jersey State Council on the Arts and shortly thereafter created a stained glass skylight illustrating the history of New Jersey for the Annex of the State House in Trenton. Working in a tradition that dates to the cathedrals of medieval Europe, Leap creates his panels by hand-painting colored pieces of glass with vitreous pigments. These pigments are fused to the glass by firing in a kiln before being assembled into stained glass panels using strips of lead.

Arthur FemenellaArthur J. Femenella
President, Senior Consultant, Femenella & Associates, Inc.
New York, New York

Arthur Femenella Sr, is committed to excellence in the field of historic window restoration.  As a veteran of the Viet Nam War where he served as a military policeman with a top security clearance. Arthur Sr. started in stained glass in 1968 as a craftsman, serving his apprenticeship at the Greenland Studio in New York. In 1981, he became the co-owner and vice-president of this prestigious restoration studio. In 1988, Arthur Sr. sold his interest in the Greenland Studio to open his own consulting firm as well as becoming the Vice-President and co-owner of the Jack Cushen Studio, also of New York. Both studios gained national recognition for excellence in the field of stained glass conservation. In 1993, Arthur Sr. consolidated his efforts and formed Femenella & Associates, Inc., the present firm. 


Arthur Sr. divides his time between supervising major restoration projects, consulting, lecturing and writing for numerous national magazines. His projects have included works by Louis Comfort Tiffany, John LaFarge, Frank Lloyd Wright, Maitland Armstrong and other artists of equal importance. Arthur Sr. enjoys solving difficult problems, especially when the objective is to restore beauty and grace to a work of art that has been ravaged by time and the elements. Arthur Sr.’s practical experience, science background, and creative problem-solving abilities make him unique in the field.

Arthur Sr. has written over forty articles on stained glass restoration. He is a past Restoration Editor for Stained Glass Quarterly and the Restoration Consultant for Glass Art magazine; a past Board member and past Chair of the Restoration Committee of the Stained Glass Association of America; and sat on the Board of Governors for the Restoration Committee of the Census of Stained Glass Windows in America. Arthur Sr. is a founder, past president and Vice-President of the American Glass Guild, Inc. a not-for-profit group dedicated to stained glass education.  Additionally, he was the consultant to the Protective Glazing Task Force. This was a group of architects, engineers, and preservationists charged by the Department of the Interior to develop national guidelines for the fabrication and installation of protective glazing across the United States. Arthur Sr. lectures and teaches seminars on restoration across the country.

Jules MomineeJules Mominee
Mominee Studios, Inc.
Evansville, Indiana

Jules Mominee is passionate about the preservation and restoration of stained glass. It has been a significant part of his business and life for over 35 years. He and his staff at Mominee Studios have meticulously treated and restored hundreds of historic stained glass windows, from small residential panels to the expansive skylights and clerestories of the Kentucky State Capitol Building, as well as hundreds of ecclesiastical windows.


A Fully Accredited Studio Member (since 1989) of the Stained Glass Association of America (SGAA), Jules served on the SGAA Board of Directors for a total of eight years. Five of those years he served as Chairman of the SGAA Restoration Committee. Jules is a member of the American Institute for Conservation of Historic and Artistic Works (AIC) and the American Glass Guild (AGG). He is also RRP-certified as per EPA regulations.

In July, 2014, Jules completed a Master of Science in Historic Preservation (MSHP) from the College of Architecture and Planning of Ball State University. This Architectural degree is required for qualification as a Restoration Consultant for historic preservation/restoration projects, which involve federal or state funding. It is considered a terminal degree within the field. Jules previously earned a Masters degree in Art from Ball State University in 1979.

Dan BealDan Beal
CAMGP, Senior Glazier, Glazing Department, Lincoln Cathedral
Lincoln, United Kingdom

Dan Beal has worked in the field of stained glass for the past eighteen years and in 2008 he became an Associate Member of the British Society of Master Glass Painters. He joined the Glazing Team at Lincoln Cathedral Works Department in 2009 and has recently taken on the role of Senior Glazier. Dan has a strong background in the restoration and conservation of historic stained glass, having worked on a myriad of projects, both ecclesiastical and secular. Dan’s other great strength is his knowledge of new commission stained glass manufacture and contemporary glass techniques. He has a thorough understanding of the plethora of glazing related processes, gained through his practical experience within the field, from digital documentation procedures to cite specific work. He actively continues to develop his skill base and strives to keep the standards of his craftsmanship as high as possible. Dan has a great passion for glass in all its forms and continues to make a distinctive contribution to the life of Lincoln Cathedral Works Department.

Thomas KupperH. Thomas Küpper
MA, ACR, Glazing Department, Lincoln Cathedral
Lincoln, United Kingdom

Tom was raised and educated in Bad Neuenahr-Ahrweiler, one of the most beautiful wine growing regions in Germany. In the early 1980’s he traveld to the UK, setting up a small stained-glass studio in the north of England in the county of Cumbria. In 1993 he joined the Lincoln Cathedral Works Department and has been Head of the Glazing Department since 1999.


Tom gained his Postgraduate Diploma in the ‘Conservation of Historic Objects’ from DeMontfort University, Lincoln in 2001 and his MA in the same subject in 2003. His dissertation topic discussed ‘Manganese Browning on Medieval Glass’. Since 2011 he has been an Accredited Conservator Restorer (ACR) awarded by the Institute of Conservation (ICON) with a focus on stained glass. Tom is a qualified A1 Assessor for National Vocational Qualifications (NVQ) and Qualifications and Credit Framework (QCF). He is a member of the British Society of Master Glass Painters (BSMGP) and a Freeman of the Worshipful Company of Glaziers and Painters of Glass. He is a stained glass conservation advisor to both the Lincoln and the Southwell & Nottingham Diocesan Advisory Committee and also to the Church Building Council, London. In the past he has lectured at the University of York, UK and at Savannah Technical College, Georgia, USA. Tom has written and published a number of papers on the subject of historic stained glass and its conservation and has given presentations on the same subjects in the UK, Europe and the USA. Currently Tom has enrolled for a PhD at the University of Lincoln researching ‘19th Century Ecclesiastical Amateur Art & Craft in Places of Christian Worship’.

Barbara KruegerBarbara Krueger
Director, Michigan’s Stained Glass Census, Michigan State University Museum
East Lansing, Michigan

A native Californian, Barbara Krueger lives in Hartland, Michigan and has been involved in several aspects of stained glass for over 35 years. A former elementary school teacher, she was on the art fair circuit selling her original stained glass pieces before returning to college to get an art degree. As a non-traditional student (older) she attended Eastern Michigan University in their art program, and after two years which included many art history classes, serendipitously she took a class which was an introduction to historic preservation, switched her major and in 1995 graduated with a MS in historic preservation.


About 30 years ago Barbara heard the first announcement about the Michigan Stained Glass Census being organized under the auspices of Michigan State University Museum. She is now the Director of the program, and an MSU Museum Research Assistant which is purely volunteer. There are now over 1200 buildings, mostly churches that have registered their stained glass windows.

She will be working with Michigan colleges over the next several years so they can incorporate/encourage student research, graduate work or interns within the overall scope of the Michigan Stained Glass Census.

Barbara gives slide lectures on “The Art and Architecture of Stained Glass”, utilizing her own photos from France, Germany, England and Scotland as well as interesting situations from around the US as well as Michigan. Stained glass is primarily a liturgical art form, however very interesting examples can also be found in libraries, older municipal buildings, on university campuses, and of course in private homes.

About 10 years ago, she was involved in the organization of a new stained glass association, the American Glass Guild, and has been an ardent supporter of this group that “cultivates novices and facilitates experienced artists and craftspeople to attain a higher level of expertise.”

Over the years Barbara has been asked to provide condition assessments of stained glass windows in many Michigan churches. Barbara was one of the authors of the recent book, Detroit’s Historic Houses of Worship and as the book was one of the 2013 Michigan Notable Books, the presentations now include information specific to Detroit churches.